History of Organic Farming
Organic agriculture was developed in the early 1900s by Sir Albert Howard, F.H. King, Rudolf Steiner and others who believed that the use of animal manures cover crops, crop rotation.
Rudolf Steiner, an Austrian visionary made the first known presentation in a series of lectures for what later came to be known as organic agriculture. His studied for farmers who were worried by the soil conditions and deterioration in health and quality of crops by use of chemical fertilizers.
In the middle of the 19th century fertilizers and pesticides became popular in usage. In 1940s the usage of pesticide era began in the entire agriculture sector. What was not identified was the serious long term damage that will occur to the soil fertility and human health. In today’s time all the toxic pesticides have entered our food supplies. This is why agricultural scientists had to look for ways to treat the situation.
Albert Howard and his wife Gabrielle Howard, both skillful botanists, founded an Institute of Plant Industry to improve traditional farming methods in pre-independent India. Working with upgraded implements and scientific methods they incorporated aspects of local traditional methods. They practices crop rotation, erosion prevention techniques, and proper use of composts and manures. Upon return to Britain they carried back these experiences in traditional farming to natural agriculture.
Traditional farming was the original type of agriculture and has been practiced for thousands of years. All traditional farming is now known as “Organic Farming".